Any type of "free pass," including a walk, hit-by-pitch or catchers' interference.
A sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly.
Advancing a lead runner by putting a ball in play for an out or an error.
Any plate appearance of eight pitches or more.
Example: On Tuesday night, Nyjer Morgan and Rickie Weeks each made outs against Reds starter Homer Bailey in the first inning, but in the process, they worked the right-hander for 17 total pitches. The Brewers wound up scoring a pair of runs while Bailey labored through a 42-pitch frame.
"When you wear a pitcher down like that, then he gets in trouble, and it starts getting in his mind," Narron said.
Said manager Ron Roenicke: "It's a way to get the players to understand that an 0-for-4 is not just an 0-for-4 and you don't help your team. Two of those at-bats can help your team win. It's another way to get some positive thought into what you're doing at the plate."